Completed 5 pm 9/15/19

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Section 1: Learning Aids For Basic & Intermediate Moves

Section 2: Information on Advanced Moves

A. Very Complex Moves

B. Styling...... Page 20

C. Additional Complex Moves….. Page 21

D. Less Complex Moves…Page 40

Section 3: Information on Intermediate Moves... Page 51

Section 4 Structures …… Page 60

Section 5: Syllabus…… Page 66

Section 6: Information on Fundamentals For New Dancers,,,, Page 74

Section 1: Learning Aids for Basic & Intermediate Moves

1. INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEOS

a. youtu.be/z6jqT83-IL0 This is Instructional Cuban Salsa Video Part 1. It explains Basic, Dame, Fly, Besitos, and Enchufla.

b. youtu.be/TTibS0sXZ0E This is Instructional Cuban Salsa Video Part 2. It explains Enchufla Doble, Enchufla con Mambo, Festival de Enchufla, Pelota Con Dos, Pelota Con Quatro, Foto, Dame Dos, Adios, and Uno.

c. youtu.be/fCDkrIV0ccw This is Instructional Cuban Salsa Video Part 3. It covers Pa Ti Pa Mi, Adios con Hermana, Kentucky, Adios Arriba, Enchufla Arriba, Pelota Loca, Enchufla con Exhibe, and Candado.

d. youtu.be/SWHzOilJzT8 This is Instructional Cuban Salsa Video Part 4. It covers Uno y Dos, Sombrero, Vacila, Beso, Balsero, Balsero y Beso, Dedo, Montana, Dedo Extended, Siete, Siete Moderno, Siete con Coca Cola, Abanico, Setenta, and Sombrero de Manny.

2. PERFORMANCE VIDEOS OF INTERMEDIATE MOVES, WITH STEP LISTS

a. https://youtu.be/Y-FxQSPU16w (Performance venue: Veterans Plaza in Silver Spring)

The steps performed in order are: Uno, Pa ti pa mi, Dame/Dame Dos, Besitos, Kentucky, Dame, Adios con la Hermana, Dame, Dedo Extended (Dedo directly into Montana), Dame, Setenta, Puente, Dame, Candado.

b. https://youtu.be/TDPs6DC16zM (Performance venue: Vis Arts in Rockville)

The steps performed in order are: Uno y Dos, Vacila with a shine (i.e. footwork). Then the couples move into a circle and do Dame, Enchufla doble arriba, Sombrero, Besito (an "air kiss), Chevaria (3 twists), Puente (the "bridge" move), Balsero, Pa ti pa mi, Kentucky, Pelota con dos, Adios con la Hermana, Dame, Dame dos, Dame arriba (going back to the previous partner), Photo, Beso, Setenta, Enchufla con mambo, Dedo, Adios, and Candado.

3. VIDEOS OF ADVANCED MOVES—FOR EXPERTS

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLJnlHnMfogFJf_UBW5n0tl1uLl6PwhrCh This is a series of "walk-throughs" of advanced Cuban moves. It is aimed at those who have already mastered the intermediate steps in the videos above. (Always fun to keep learning new steps, right?!?)

(....AND JUST FOR PURE ENTERTAINMENT!….

To warm your heart, here is my all time favorite dance video. It’s amazing….

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pwe-pA6TaZk )

Section 2: Information on Advanced Moves

Very Complex Moves

Lipton

https://youtu.be/XoegARJu0gw

  • get into position

  • one exhibe

  • change her hand; change your hand; make her hook you

  • 1- setenta

  • 5- setenta

  • 1- setenta

  • 5- break right arm (guy breaks his right arm behind him, while stepping to face perimeter)

  • 1- back back hook(step back and hook with arms)

  • 5- unhook, then rondee (unhook on beat 1)

  • 1- backrock enchufla

  • 5- over the girl

  • 1- then exhibe

  • 5- over the guy

  • 1- into the center ("pica 'lante, dos, tres")

  • 5- swing out, tap (give the girl a strong lead for the tap)

  • 1- change her hand tap

  • 5- change your hand

  • 1- back to back

  • 5- make her hook(manipulate lady's arm so she is doing the hook)

  • 1- into the center

  • 5- CBL

exhibe con gancho

guy’s left shoulder face center after 9 steps (12 beats)

  • 1starts like enchufla

  • 5girls face center

  • 1- do exhibe(man's left hand is preferred for first exhibe)

  • 5- do exhibe(left hand is preferred)

  • 1- start exhibe(men start this exhibe by switching to the right hand to lead it)

  • 5- guy turns and hooks(he turns right and hooks her on 7 using his right hand)

  • 1- walk walk walk

  • 5- walk walk walk

  • 1- walk walk walk

  • 5- back, turn left (Men unhook arm on 5 while stepping back, and turn to left on 6 & 7. Women keep walking around)

  • 1- backrock enchufla

  • 5- QQS

  • 1- guy rocks in

  • 5- CBL

La Cuadra

2 exhibes before the hooks. Hook on 3 and 7. She can turn around on 7. To lead teh lady around in teh beginning the lead should think of a coca cola turn. In reality, this is easier than a coca cola turn becuase coke turns are 360 degrees and this turn is less than that. Still, if the angles are not sharp and they don’t stay close to each other, the opening segment is hard to do smoothly.

Kentucky Complicado ending

La Presa

https://youtu.be/xbD04mSTO80

The abanico C. part is so awkward, to simplify, leader can release the L hand at that part. He goes the over her head and over his head then backrocks into uno. He can ask for her hand before the exhibe. Be careful of her thinking you are going into ponle sabor.

  • 1 starts with enchufla

  • 5 QQS (on 7 take both of her hands in the guy's hand)

  • 1 swivel the girl

  • 5 CBL tap

  • 1 back to back

  • 5 through the circle (on 7 the guy comes under the circle)

  • 1 over the lady (enchufla; she turns right)

  • 5 over the guy (enchufla; he turns left. These last 8 beats can also be an abanico complicado movement)

  • 1 guy comes left (like uno)

  • 5 invade her space (like juana la cubana)

  • 1 then exhibe

  • 5 finish exhibe (on 7, the guy's arms are up like in abanico)

  • 1 turn the girl (like abanico)

  • 5 turn and hook (guy makes a strong right turn and hooks the lady on 7)

  • 1 walk walk walk

  • 5 unhook, unroll (unhook fully on beat 5, with elbow down all the way)

  • 1 back rock enchufla

  • 5 QQS

  • 1 the guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

La Presa Extended

https://youtu.be/ZA2Kvuahi6g

More is added on at the start of the move, not at the end (as is more usual)

  • 1 rock back, bring her forward

  • 5 turn and turn (she turns)

  • 1 guy rocks in (toward the girl)

  • 5 turn and turn (he turns left)

  • 1 arm slides down (both of her hands are now in the leader's hand)

  • 5 double turn

  • 1 the guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL tap (From this point forward, you are continuing with the remainder of Presa)

  • 1 back to back

  • 5 through the circle (on 7 the guy comes under the circle)

  • 1 over the lady (enchufla; she turns right)

  • 5 over the guy (enchufla; he turns left. These last 8 beats can also be an abanico complicado movement)

  • 1 guy comes left (like uno)

  • 5 invade her space (like juana la cubana)

  • 1 then exhibe

  • 5 finish exhibe (on 7, the guy's arms are up like in abanico)

  • 1 turn the girl (like abanico)

  • 5 turn and hook (guy makes a strong right turn and hooks the lady on 7)

  • 1 walk walk walk

  • 5 unhook, unroll (unhook fully on beat 5, with elbow down all the way)

  • 1 back rock enchufla

  • 5 QQS

  • 1 the guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

Noventa

https://youtu.be/xbD04mSTO80

  • 1 starts like Setenta

  • 5 do Setenta

  • 1 do Setenta

  • 5 raise left arm

  • 1 over her head

  • 5 back rock (lady crosses in front)

  • 1 back rock (lady crosses in front)

  • 5 over and turn (over girl's head on 5 while she turns, and leader turns on 7)

  • 1 back rock enchufla (two handed)

  • 5 QQS

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

70 C Derecha y al Revers

  • Guy’s right hand goes overhead after 70C.

  • 1 70 C

  • 5 70 C

  • 1 70 C

  • 5 70 C

  • 1 back rock enchufla

  • 5 turn right hand up (he turns to the right while left hand stays down)

  • 1 turn the girl (to her right)

  • 5 turn yourself (to the left)

  • 1 backrock enchufla (two-handed enchufla)

  • 5 rondee for the guy (optional) (or he can drape over the girl (There’s no exhibe)

  • 1 in to the center

  • 5 dile que no

sabrosura

back to back 70 on first 8 beats. On the first 5 6 7, the guy does a rondee. But he steps behind on 3 and again on 5 and then moves deliberately to walk in a circle after 5. In other words, don’t just pivot on the rondee—move to get around.

Second set of 8: hook and unhook before doing the other hook

hold her to walk around like dragging her so guy moves to face the center. This ends with ‘Complicate."

Note: In any step that begins with Setenta, you can do a back to back version of Setenta for the first 8 beats (6 steps). But in this step, that method of starting Setenta is required!

  • 1 Do (back to back version of) Setenta

  • 5 Do (back to back version of) Setenta

  • 1 finish Setenta

  • 5 finish Setenta (end with hook on 7--you can also hook on 5 as well for style)

  • 1 bring her around

  • 5 and then hook (on 7)

  • 1 unhook, come around

  • 5 and then up (arm up behind neck)

  • 1 hands slide down

  • 5 in and then tap

  • 1 back to back

  • 5 and then alarde (alarde is optional)

  • 1 QQS

  • 5 into sombrero

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

Consorte

https://youtu.be/DGCXPcA9isA

70 hook

both hands overhead

dile que no to circumference instead of to outside of circle (I move her along the circumference before moving to next partner). In other words, teh leader steps forward and back on teh circumference and the follower steps back and then forward on the circumference.

  • 1 starts like Setenta

  • 5 do Setenta

  • 1 do Setenta

  • 5 and then hook (keep doing Setenta and hook on 7; optional hook on 5)

  • 1 in to the center

  • 5 turn the girl (with 2 hands and do the turn from the hook)

  • 1 pull her forward

  • 5 pull her back

  • 1 travel to your partner

  • 5 CBL

  • 5- girl in front tap(i.e. "dile que no")

  • 1- turn the girl

  • 5- back, forward, turn (guy's footwork)

  • 1- travel to your partner

  • 5- cross body lead (with new partner)

Besito Largo

https://youtu.be/zDjN9ME8GB8

  • 1 starts like Beso

  • 5 starts like Beso

  • 1 3 (alarde & air kiss on 3)

  • 5 5, 7 (on 5 arm is in front; on 7 arm is behind back)

  • 1 the arm goes down (on 1 lower arm, similar to Rubenada)

  • 5 guy turns right (guy goes under and keeps his arm high on his back to help)

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL tap

  • 1 back to back

  • 5 don't do alarde

  • 1 right arm down

  • 5 left arm over (over his own head)

  • 1 left arm down (behind back like Rubenada)

  • 5 guy goes under (and comes to the right)

  • 1 then switch sides (his right arm over her head)

  • 5 into Sombrero

  • 1 in to the center

  • 5 CBL

Besito Largo Especiale

https://youtu.be/FdZG9uZu9Wo

https://youtu.be/yRzyWdQLOqE See 2:15-2:33 for this move with styling added

Guy does not move a lot. Near the end, guy stays in place on 1 2 3 and on 4 5 7 she moves to his other side

  • 1 starts like Beso

  • 5 starts like Beso

  • 1 3 (alarde & air kiss on 3)

  • 5 5, 7 (on 5 arm is in front; on 7 arm is behind back)

  • 1 the arm goes down (on 1 lower arm, similar to Rubenada)

  • 5 guy turns right (guy goes under and keeps his arm high on his back to help)

  • 1 the guy rocks in

  • 5 get back to back

  • 1 Left, Right (He twists side to side and leads the lady with his hands. Guy & girl face circumference as they do in guapea but are backed to each other, not facing each other) Stay in the same spot!

  • 5 turn the girl stay in same spot! (girl is on guy’s R)

  • 1 guy rocks in (at this point the guy backs to the center) stay in same spot!

  • 5 turn her again CBL.

  • 1 hammerlock the girl (By beat 4 guy faces center) stay in place

  • 5 turn her again

  • 1 Left arm comes up (behind his head) stay in place.

  • 5 CBL

Note that out of the last 4 sets of 8 beats, guys and girls move around each other two and a half times. So at the end of beat 3 in the last set of 8 beats, the ladies are on the guys' right side facing center, ready to do the final CBL

Rubenada Complicado

Do the Rubenada maneuver to the outside. Unwinding is a rondee. Switch sides. Instead of guy unwinding in regular Rubenada, the girl comes under. It’s important to turn all the way around to look at your partner at the end of the funky turn. Only then are you in position to do the next segment of the move. Then do complicate and do the Rubenada maneuver to the inside. After the second rubenada maneuver he does not switch sides before he ends the move.

  • 1 starts like Sombrero

  • 5 keep both arms down (Optional: leader can raise left arm up and alardes over his own head on 7 while right arm is down)

  • 1 right down enchufla

  • 5 left arm over (his own head)

  • 1 drop left hand (behind back; meanwhile guy does "into the center" footwork)

  • 5 dile que no tap (while walking around)

  • 1 guy moves right (in front of lady and she turns)

  • 5 lady moves right (she goes under and is behind the guy)

  • 1 in to the center

  • 5 dile que no tap

  • 1 abanico thing (in this awkward manuver from Abanico Complicado, guy's right hand is over the lady's head as she turns)

  • 5 guy moves right (in front of girl with right arm over)

  • 1 guy moves left (behind the girl)

  • 5 left arm over

  • 1 drop left arm

  • 5 dile que no tap

  • 1 funky turn (without changing places)

  • 5 guy unwinds

  • 1 back rock enchufla

  • 5 QQS

  • 1 in to the center

  • 5 CBL

Thalia

https://youtu.be/R57rq3MlHEY https://youtu.be/3p356ZIobI4 The second video starts with the front row (3 couples) doing classico with the camera as the “center.” The back 3 couples are doing Carnival Extended with the back of the stage as their center. Then all six couples do Thalia and then Kentucky Complicado together with the front of the stage as their center.

  • 1 starts with enchufla

  • 5 QQS

  • 1 guys rock in

  • 5 bring her around tap

  • 1 turn turn turn

  • 5 back rock enchufla

  • 1 back rock enchufla

  • 5 bring her to your side

  • 1 flare her back (begin essentially a basic with a flare on 1)

  • 5 bring her forward (finish the basic)

  • 1 flare her back

  • 5 CBL tap (guys hold arms near their body--don't extent them,so lady stays close)

  • 1 turn her once tap (She taps facing circle)

  • 5 turn her twice tap (she taps on other foot facing circle)

  • 1 turn with both hands (both hands over her head)

  • 5 QQS

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

La Jenny

  • 1 starts with enchufla

  • 5 do enchufla

  • 1paseala

  • 5paseala

  • 1paseala

  • 5 hammerlock her

  • 1 bring her around

  • 5 bring her around

  • 1unwind

  • 5 guy goes under

  • 1 back rock enchufla

  • 5 quick quick slow

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

Jenny Especiale

Start with La Jenny. To turn her after pasea, can go overhead and then do wrist twist or just do wrist twist. Release her and do another 8 beats of turning her. Go back and forth in 8 beats total. then unwind. Before the final unwind, followers’ R should face the center. That is, the lead and follow are in the opposite position from guapea.

Chiquito Lindo

  • On beat 7 do Montana styling with left arm behind his head and R arm over lady’s arm, and facing away from her.

  • On 1 back rock

  • On 3 R hand is behind head--guy faces outside of the circle

  • On 5 R hand tosses her hand and he turns L

  • On 7, ask for her hand.bonita

  • Then 8 beats of exhibe into sombrero, and 8 beats of Dile que no.

La Bonita

  • 1 Guy rocks in(He offers her his right hand up high)

  • 5Walks her through (Turning her on 7)

  • 1 Guy rocks in

  • 5Turn her again

  • 1Guy turns right

  • 5His arm comes up (guy's right arm is behind his head on 6. Release by 7)

  • 1To the shoulders (guy's arms come to his shoulders)

  • 5Over and over (on 5 and 7, guy's arms come to other side of his head)

  • 1Guy turns right

  • 5Guy goes under (under arm and he turns to face center)

  • 1Back rock "prep" (guy switches hands so his right is over his left)

  • 5Touch and go(arm maneuver where lady's arm comes past her other arm and he catches it)

  • 1Fling and catch

  • 5Turn her around

  • 1 Check, 3 (check on 1 and lady turns on 3)

  • 55, 7(lady turns on 5 and on 7---so it's three turns and the hands have to disconnect so she can do last turn)

  • 1 Backrock enchufla

  • 5 Into sombrero

  • 1 Guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

Bonita (simpler version)

  • 1 Guy rocks in (He offers her his right hand up high)

  • 5 Walks her through (Turning her on 7)

  • 1 Guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

  • 1 Guy turns right

  • 5 His arm comes up (guy's right arm is behind his head on 6. Release by 7)

  • 1 To the shoulders (guy's arms come to his shoulders)

  • 5 Over and over (on 5 and 7, guy's arms come to other side of his head) she can do hip roll.

  • 1 Guy turns right

  • 5 Guy goes under(under arm and he turns to face center)

  • 1 Back rock "prep" (guy switches hands so his right is over his left)

  • 5 Turn real fast(sombrero turn)

  • 1 Guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

Promenade

https://youtu.be/7Vt90hu45aM

  • 1 starts with enchufla

  • 5 guys switch hand

  • 1 guys rock in

  • 5 CBL (lead her in a line and she doesn't turn till beat 7

  • 1 do a prep

  • 5 double turn

  • 1 guy rocks in (he switches hand)

  • 5 twirl the girl (facing outside circle)

  • 1 push her back

  • 5 twirl again (she's at guy's side)

  • 1 guy rocks in (facing center)

  • 5 CBL

Advanced L. A. Style Move (Glen suggests this move be renamed)

https://youtu.be/0kE5UQfI1X0 2:32 - 2:49

To do this in a Rueda, start with a CBL to the outside of the circle. Then you are in position for one CBL at the end, as usual.

  • 1 Do a prep

  • 5 Turn the girl

  • 1 Fling her arm

  • 5 Fling her arm

  • 1 Back and turn

  • 5 Back back back

  • 1 Flair and then

  • 5 Turn the girl

  • 1 Connect & copa (both arms over her head)

  • 5 Turn her around (guy's left is over her head)

  • 1 Push her back (holding 2 hands)

  • 5 Turn the girl (holding 2 hands)

  • 1 Push her back (same action holding one hand)

  • 5 Turn the girl (same action holding one hand)

  • 1 Guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

  • You can follow this with LA de Glen and Shoulder Check

Hammerlock Especiale

Lady needs to face the guy and look at him on these “uno’s” and not hold her elbow rigidly straight--so he can move over her head.

  • R turn led with guy’s L and hold both hands

  • Throw her right hand down so it goes behind the lead's back. He catches it quickly on 1, with his left hand. (To do this, the lead’s left hand extends under his right hand.)

  • and then do uno for 16 beats. but on the second 5 6 7, leader’s right hand goes over her head to come out of uno.

  • leader’s left hand goes over followers head and turns follower to right twice while moving in a line.

  • switch hands adn lead part of dedo but don’t turn to face partner

  • bring her around and follow/move with her --toward the circumference

  • turn her on 5 (not 3)

  • block her movement 5 6 7

  • dile que no

Straight Jacket Explained

This is a way that you can end moves that finish with the Complicate sequence. It is often blended with Beso Complicado–and many other moves.

It is an acquired taste. People may not like it the first time they do it but if you do the move a number of times you get the feel of how to move and it’s not as awkward. It’s also eye-catching! After the dile que no and the back to back, this sequence is initiated:

Men hold the alarde rather than taking it off, and then do the following:

Go under the lady's arm (which is being held in the alarde) and start to turn the lady on beats 3 and 4. You touch her shoulders on 5 and 7 and at the close of the 8 beats, you are in a sombrero position. (These 8 beats replace the "quick quick slow, into sombrero" segment of the Uno Complicado chant above.)

Because this is an alternate, much fancier movement for 8 beats but it starts and ends the same as the standard move, men can do "straight jacket" any time, even if it wasn't called.

And here is another, even cooler thing you can do as "straight jacket" begins. Guys have to duck their heads as they are going under the alarde. So they can bring the rest of their body or at least the top part of their body forward in a body roll as they go under. This makes the move powerfully exciting.

Serpiente complicado (8 sets of 8)

He unbends her arm on 1 2 3 of straight jacket before bringing her in for sombrero on 5 6 7

keep both hands

https://youtu.be/R57rq3MlHEY Watch starting 2:24 for this move done at Puerto Rico Congress.

  • starts like somb/serpiente

  • next 8 beats, do “backrock prep; turn and turn.” Leader keeps L hand down on second turn to hammerlock her and then does the straight jacket thing.

  • come to face her 123

  • left turn 567

  • prep 123

  • 2 turns 567 (arms make big swoop around on second of these turns)

  • copa

  • free spin

  • 1 starts like Sombrero

  • 5 “7” (Guy's right hand is behind her head on 7. Guy and girl face each other.)

  • 1 “3” (Guy's left hand goes "further" behind her head on 3.)

  • 5 back and turn (Guy brings both hands over her head & turns left. Girl comes around fast to his left so they face each other.)

  • 1do a prep

  • 5 touch and go

  • 1 fling and catch.

  • 5 turn her around

  • 1 do straight jacket

  • 5 "5" and "7" (you touch the shoulder on those beats)

  • 1 back rock prep

  • 5 turn the girl

  • 1 another prep

  • 5 double turn (with big sweep down for 2nd turn; into that window formation)

  • 1 copa

  • 5 (finish copa)

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

  • Enrichment: Add “touch and go” or “touch and go/fling and catch” and call the move: Serpiente Complicado Complicado

https://youtu.be/yRzyWdQLOqE See 2:51-2:52 for touch and go

Triple Lock

https://youtu.be/lq_znhbHWig See 1:12-1:27

Handshake hold w/ left hands underneath. Start with CBL to the outside of the circle with inside turn.

There is no complicado version of this move, and no guana bacoa version.

  • 1 Ask for hand low (under the handshake hold)

  • 5 She turns left

  • 1 "1" turn right (first lock is on 1)

  • 5 to the lock

  • 1 "1" turn left (second lock is on 1)

  • 5 to the lock (guy's right hand stays down)

  • 1 guy's r hand leads (he lets go with left)

  • 5 she turns on 7

  • 1 back rock prep (like balsero nuevo)

  • 5 do last lock (she is turning right like sombrero; his left hand is on top)

  • 1 "1," check, change (lock on 1; guy's left hand checks her at hip on 2 or 3, changing her direction from left to right)

  • 5 Guy turns her 2 x w/ his right holding her right as she comes 2 his left side

(Verbal description for Triple Lock:)

Start with a handshake hold and ask for the lady's other hand underneath the handshake hold. She does left turns into the first lock going outside of the circle. Check her (stop her movement) on beat one.

Then lady turns right two times for the second lock.

Then lady turns left while guy keeps right hand down. All checks are on beat 1 and this third set of turns is the last of the three first locks.

She is then in position to simply walk out, turning on beat 7.

Then you do the opening of balsero nuevo ("back-rock, prep") on beats 1, 2, and 3. Then lady turns and she does the last lock, again ending on beat 1. They guy's left hand moves quickly down to her hep to check her on beat 2 (preferably) or 3 (at the latest). He turns her out going right to end the move.

Rotanya (Open Break/Free Spin/ Drag her)

bring her forward and give her free spin

Here are 2 descriptions of the move:

Open break then on 5 give her free spin to her right. guys turn L. He leads CBL and he turns R. His R hand on her R shoulder on 1. his L hand holds her L hand behind his back. he turns L and turns her L with arms extended and elbow not bent on 5 6 7. He turns R on 1 2 3 and checks her with his R hand on 5. he turns L on 6 7. He leads her forward on 1 2 3. On 5 6 7 he leads her in one and a half R turns with his hand over her head and then a wrist twist. They are facing each other. His R holds her R hand and goes over her head on 1 2 3. He unwinds her so she turns one and a half turn to the L. Dile que no.

Start with open break on 1 2 3. Guy walks toward the girl and gives her a free spin to her right on 5 6 7. On 8 he turns left to face her and rocks into her on 1 2 3. 5 and 7 is “touch and touch.” 1 2 3 is turn her, and he also turns with her and then faces her. Her turn right on 1 2 3 and checks her on 5 on her stomach. Then he turns L on 6 7. w/ arm up he leads her forward on 1 2 3. On 5 6 7 he goes over her head and does the wrist twist causing her to turn one and a half times to her R. His R takes her R hand and goes over and behind her head on 1 2 3. She turns L one and a half times as they switch sides on 5 6 7.. Then Dile que no.

RUEDA EXCHANGE VIRGINIA WORKSHOP PLANS 8/19

a. Adios por Abajo Vacila Complicado

https://youtu.be/Yxd0cvyRKqg It is the first move on this video.

Adios 7 beats

He goes under 123

Pulls her back and turns in front of her on 67. He turns to face her with a pivot/twist on 8. (Lady can style arms out on 5 and brings them in quickly on 6 to be out of his way.)

He moves next to her on 1 2 3 and CBL on 5 6 7.

Then: Vacila Complicado Hold on to one hand for the entire vacila, and change her direction on 5. She has to stay in place during her final turn (after the direction change)

b. Sordo (includes abrazala and sambuca and first)

https://youtu.be/KMun5a6JJck

https://youtu.be/Yxd0cvyRKqg Go to 0:55

  • starts with abrazala (a one handed beso)

  • guy switches hand & turns on 123, then hooks on 7 (like Sambuca).

  • ce fue called on 1

  • unhook on 5 and come over follower’s head on 6 & 7.

  • then siderock on 1 and over her head 2 3. turn around 567 (to face partner squarely)

  • 2 handed enchufla (8 beats)

  • into a 2-handed exhibe.

  • part of an exhibe --- come out on 3.

  • coca cola turn. At end of the move, guide the follower to walk around in an arc more aggressively.

  • CBL (dile que no)

  • enchufla rondee

  • guy rocks in, CBL

c. Francesca

https://youtu.be/Yxd0cvyRKqg Go to 1:35

  • R turn in handshake (R to R) hold;

  • R over L

  • 2-handed enchufla into sombrero

  • arm way over for sombrero de manny. End FACING each other cleanly

  • “check” her on 3. Give her free spin to R on 5, using 2 hands on upper & lower arm

  • dile que no

d. Titanic Especiale

  • starts L over R

  • Her arms go out and down

  • bring her back and check her movement

  • bring her back. guy releases her with his left hand as he turns her

  • guy stops her with his left hand when she faces him

  • turn her R in a double turn

  • Dile que no

B: Styling for Moves

Cross body leads/Dile que no

Ladies can sit into hip on 4 and maybe slap the hip.

Also shimmy or do shoulder rolls on 4.

Hops can be done on the second half of beat two, and the second half of beat six.

Make a 4 on beat 4. Step back on R, replace L, back on R and then slide L to R foot with sweep up to make a figure 4 with legs. But keep knees together. If the leg isn't raised that high, it can stay in contact with the floor and just tap instead. That has a similar look but is less elaborate. You still get the slide which itself makes a nice embellishment.

Dedo with styling

guys: Back to back start and check her direction at the end

Ladies: flair on (second) “and one” and hip roll right after on 4 5 6 7.

Montana with styling

guys: L behind head and right hooks the lady’s arm as he faces away from her.

Also on the second 5 6 7, the R goes behind his head and he turns to right; and then the L goes behind his head and he turns to left. He lets go of one hand at a time. He lets go and then again lets go. After that styling, catch the Left hand on top like a handshake hold with L over R. Hands are now in place to lead Enchufla/Sombrero.

Lady: hip roll again on 5 6 7

Vacila

Lady: L hand combs hair after pointing (point 5, comb 67?)

  • Quadruple Hand Toss

  • Chant for first 3 Tosses

  • 1 Guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL(to outside)

  • 1 do a prep (R over L)

  • 5 turn the girl

  • 1 guy turns L

  • 5 throw and catch (catch on 7) both throw and catch w/ L

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL(R over her head)

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL (L over your head)

  • 1 do a prep (straight hands)

  • 5 turn the girl

  • 1 toss and

  • 5 toss

  • 1 do a prep

  • 5 big toss

  • fourth toss is led only with one hand(R?)

walk through then toss with his L and catch her hand with his L. lead a turn and CBL

Lady’s hand can flutter as she moves to give him her hand. Flutter is done by turning the wrist back and forth or arcing the hand in a wave like fashion as her hand moves toward his.

Adios por abajo

ladies: on 4 hands cross in front of lady with hand facing in. On 4 and a half, as she moves hands apart the wrist twists to face hands away from her face. on 5 arms all out. hands come together on 6 to be out of lead’s way as he does his slide in front of her!

3 way stop

ladies: arm styling as he moves her away and toward the circle

El Sabor

https://youtu.be/s-E0ZmW6-EA See 16:30 to 16:49

Ladies: do a body roll with exhibe

Ladies can look at where the guys is on 4, and then bring do up on 4 and a half, and down on 5, then arm comes back on 6.

Guy’s L arm comes up on 7. Guy switches hand and switches again--quickly.

The lady’s arm styling is the same as on enchufla doble--she should look at him before raising her hand. That generally avoids hitting him.

Right turn

Guys: Do a hip roll as you turn the girl. roll goes front and to left then back and to right. Right turns for ladies are embedded in many moves and guys can do this if it’s feasible in any given move.

C: Additional Complex Moves

Carnival

https://youtu.be/f5JGYVpYWPw

  • 1 starts like setenta

  • 5 do setenta

  • 1 do setenta

  • 5 guy in front (he comes in front of lady, facing either circumference, or outside the circle)

  • 1 1, 3 (On 1 his right arm goes below his left arm. On 3, his left hand is behind his head)

  • 5 5, 7 ( On 5 his right hand is on his right shoulder. On 7 his right hand is on girl's shoulder)

  • 1 1, 3 (On 1 his right arm is on his right shoulder and on 3 it's at his stomach.)

  • 5 5, 6, 7 (switch the arms on 5; on 6 the right arm is on the right shoulder and on 7 left arm is on left shoulder)

  • 1 lower (right arm) and turn

  • 5 guy goes under (while turning to his right)

  • 1 hook walk walk (he also walks on one while hooking so there are 3 walks)

  • 5 unhook and turn

  • 1 back rock enchufla

  • 5 QQS

  • 1 the guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

Siete Loco Complicado

https://youtu.be/lq_znhbHWig See 15:18 -15:50

This video from a Kennedy Center show has two couples doing this move. Each leader does it a little differently so in the latter half of the move, one leader (Barb) faces the inside of the circle and the other leader faces the outside of the circle. This is a good example of a move being done different ways--both of which work. Barb teaches the move as she does it in this video.

This begins with Siete Loco and ends with Setenta Nuevo.

Carnival C.

This explains the start of Carnival: https://youtu.be/WR0sf_X_6lM

Styling note: If lady does all her turning on 1 2 3 so she looks at him on the first 5, then he can roll on 5 6 7 which looks and feels nice. This can be done on all Setentas.

Styling for ladies while guys do arm movements: They step through a “box” starting with their R behind the L on 1. They can do a plain box. But it’s easier on the lead’s shoulder if in addition to tracing the box, she turns 90 degrees to her left when his arm is on her shoulder. This also makes it look even more styled.

  • 1 starts like setenta

  • 5 do setenta styling: Leader can roll on the first 5 6 7.

  • 1 do setenta

  • 5 guy in front (he comes in front of lady, facing either circumference, or outside the circle)

  • 1 1, 3 (On 1 his right arm goes below his left arm. On 3, his left hand is behind his head)

  • 5 5, 7 (On 5 his right hand is on his right shoulder. On 7 his right hand is on girl's shoulder)

  • 1 1, 3 (On 1 his right arm is on his right shoulder and on 3 it's at his stomach.)

  • 5 5, 6, 7 (switch the arms on 5; on 6 the right arm is on the right shoulder and on 7 left arm is on left shoulder)

  • 1 turn around (guy lowers right arm as he turns)

  • 5 fling and catch (arm toss done with the elbow!)

  • 1 rock back, bring her forward

  • 5 turn and turn (she turns)

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 turn and turn (he turns left)

  • 1 arm slides down (leader now has both of her hands in one of his)

  • 5 double turn

  • 1 the guy rocks in

  • 5 coca cola turn

  • 1 girl to the right, tap (she moves behind the guy and to his right side)

  • 5 CBL tap

  • 1 1, 3 (girl turns on 3)

  • 5 5, 7 (girl turns on 5 and 7 while coming to the guy's right)

  • 1 the guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

Carnival Extended

  • 1 starts like setenta

  • 5 do setenta

  • 1 do setenta

  • 5 guy in front (he comes in front of lady, facing either circumference, or outside the circle)

  • 1 1, 3 (On 1 his right arm goes below his left arm. On 3, his left hand is behind his head)

  • 5 5, 7 (On 5 his right hand is on his right shoulder. On 7 his right hand is on girl's shoulder)

  • 1 1, 3 (On 1 his right arm is on his right shoulder and on 3 it's at his stomach.)

  • 5 5, 6, 7 (switch the arms on 5; on 6 the right arm is on the right shoulder and on 7 left arm is on left shoulder)

  • 1 turn around (guy lowers right arm as he turns)

  • 5 fling and catch (arm toss done with the elbow!)

  • 1 back rock enchufla (she must move linearly toward the circle)

  • 5 bring her back (she moves away from center still linearly)

  • 1 flare her out

  • 5 turn and turn

  • 1 back rock enchufla

  • 5 QQS

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

Carnival Extended into Thalia

https://youtu.be/_5nmtaXJj_0

https://youtu.be/3p356ZIobI4 This video starts with the front row (3 couples) doing classico with the camera as the “center.” The back 3 couples are doing Carnival Extended with the back of the stage as their center. Then all six couples do Thalia and then Kentucky Complicado together with the front of the stage as their center.

https://youtu.be/STw0aiTZ0hg See 1:20-2:00

Carnival unisex

https://youtu.be/DJEpodoTTV4

over your head; over hers

switch hands 4 beats. turn is 8 beats

Note for switching from Carnival into Carnival Unisex: Bring L hand down on 3. Go behind lead’s head on 7 to go into unisex.

  • 1 starts like setenta

  • 5 do setenta

  • 1 do setenta

  • 5 guy in front (he comes in front of lady, facing either circumference, or outside the circle)

  • 1 1, 3 (On 1 his right arm goes below his left arm. On 3, his left hand is behind his head)

  • 5 5, 7 ( On 5 his right hand is on his right shoulder. On 7 his right hand is on girl's shoulder)

  • 1 come around (girl in front)

  • 5 switch the arms

  • 1 turn the girl

  • 5 for eight beats

  • 1 back-rock enchufla

  • 5 drape over the guy

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

Note: last 16 beats are the end of Setentaconsor

La Tuya

https://youtu.be/sAuCJ-gqIEc

  • intimate hook

  • unhook her and switch sides and then do 70

Flamenco Caliente

https://youtu.be/3Tgsis1vKE8

  • Hold one hand nearly the whole time except when you throw her hand before catching it.

  • At the end you drape over the guy if you do only one turn (instead of two).

  • 1 Vacila holding one hand (guy's left to girl's right)

  • 5 Man does evelyn turn with hand switch (This is a rondee—very tight)

  • 1 Exhibe

  • 5 Exhibe

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 Coke turn led with Left

  • 1 fling, catch (Fling on 1 and catch on 3; man does pasaela footwork)

  • 5 dile que no tap (she turns 3/4 of the way to her left)

  • 1 Turn her Right

  • 5 Turn her right (can do more than 2 turns if you wish)

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

Michaela

(Verbal Description)

Starts with vacila holding hands and a walking rondee by the leader. Then 3 walks. End with the ending of pa ti pa mi. Then vacila with two hands. Do the maneuver in la cuadra where leader hooks the follower. But don't fully hook--keep elbow high as leader must go into setenta quickly after the "hook position." It ends with an exhibe led by the leader's right hand and he then switches to the left and rondees, hammerlocking himself. The end is guy rocking in and leading a CBL as usual.

  • 1 Vacila holding one hand

  • 5 rondee for the guy

  • 1 walk walk walk

  • 5 guy turns left (it's not a big turn, guy just turns enough to face center)

  • 1 vacila--2 hands (he holds both of her hands)

  • 5 do la cuadra (he gos under his right hand and does the la cuadra manuver with a "minimal" hook)

  • 1 turn the girl (he barely really hooks because the arm must lead this turn really fast)

  • 5 walk walk walk

  • 1 do setenta

  • 5 do setenta (but on 8, he brings his arm back over his head to prepare to lead exhibe)

  • 1 exhibe: right, left (he starts leading exhibe with his right hand and on 2 switches to left)

  • 5 rondee for the guy (he hammerlocks himself by doing the rondee)

  • 1 guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

Sopa

https://youtu.be/IAEEoiqsOes 2:58-3:09

  • 1 Ench doble(girls are connected in center)

  • 5 Ench doble(girls are connected in center)

  • 1 Ench doble(girls are connected in center)

  • 5 Guys come to center and connect with right hands

  • 1 Guys lead ladies to their right behind them

  • 5 Guys lead ladies back to their left behind them

  • 1 Back rock enchufla

  • 5 QQS

  • 1 Guys rock in

  • 5 Dile que no

Bebe

https://youtu.be/eaad-AVKmaE

Balsero y beso; exhibe; reverse balsero but both hands go overhead; back to back turn and abanico (ends with turn the girl, turn yourself).

Sambuca

  • turn 1 2 3 hook 7

  • unhook on 5; unroll 6 7.

  • 2 handed enchufla; then 2 exhibes

  • drape over the guy.

  • dile que no

  • La Mia

  • 1Sombrero de Manny

  • 5Sombrero de Manny

  • 1on 2, his right hand takes her hand (like Sombrero de Manny) and on 3 the leader's left arm comes off from behind his head

  • 5on 7, both his arms go over her head as she turns

  • 1on 1 (or 2) his left arm (only) goes over her head

  • 5he walks around behind her and taps on 7

  • 1his left arm goes up on 2 for a maneuver like back to back setenta

  • 5his left arm is up on 6 to continue a maneuver that's like back to back setenta

  • 1two handed enchufla

  • 5into sombrero

  • 1the guy rocks in

  • 5CBL

guana bacoa

https://youtu.be/WTGRD--CsZ8

  • Abanico Complicado (Not a favorite of Barb’s as it’s very awkward)

  • l Abanico

  • 5 Abanico

  • 1 turn the girl (take her hand on 2)

  • 5 turn yourself (left arm comes over)

  • 1 back rock enchufla (over girl's head)

  • 5 guy moves right (left arm over his own head)

  • 1 do the prep (like balsero nuevo)

  • 5 sombrero turn (like sombrero turn but faster, while moving to guy's right side)

  • 1 in to the center

  • 5 CBL

Abanico Complicado Complicado

(not a mistake) (Not a favorite of Barb’s as it’s very awkward)

  • l Abanico

  • 5 Abanico

  • 1 turn the girl (take her hand on 2)

  • 5 turn yourself (left arm comes over)

  • 1 back rock enchufla (over girl's head)

  • 5 guy moves right (right arm over his own head)

  • 1 left arm down

  • 5 sombrero turns

  • 1 arm to waist, tap (carefully bring her arm out away from her body first and then down)

  • 5 bring her left, tap

  • 1 bring her right, tap

  • 5 turn the girl (bring her right arm out away from her body; then over her head for turns)

  • 1 she comes behind

  • 5 in and then tap

  • 1 back to back

  • 5 and then alarde

  • 1 quick quick slow

  • 5 in to sombrero

  • 1 the guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

Puente C & Al Revers Ganging

  • 1 Starts with enchufla

  • 5 Guys change hands

  • 1 Guys join hands

  • 5 under

  • 1 under with a turn

  • 5 guys switch sides

  • 1 under

  • 5 quick quick slow

  • 1 stomp

  • 5 into siete tap

  • 1 turn her around

  • 5 bring her around

  • 1 do a prep

  • 5 double turn

  • 1 turn the other way

  • 5 bring her around

  • 1 exhibe

  • 5 turn on 7 (on 7, guys turn left)

  • 1 bring her around (as guys turn)

  • 5 bring her around

  • 1 bring her around

  • 5 into siete tap

  • 1 turn the girl

  • 5 double turn

  • 1 stomp

  • 5 under

  • 1 under with a turn

  • 5 back, grab, turn

  • 1 travel to your partner

  • 5 CBL

Classico

https://youtu.be/bvwga9LMKJs

dedo and evelyn turn

https://youtu.be/3p356ZIobI4 This video starts with the front row (3 couples) doing classico with the camera as the “center.” The back 3 couples are doing Carnival Extended with the back of the stage as their center. Then all six couples do Thalia and then Kentucky Complicado together with the front of the stage as their center.

https://youtu.be/STw0aiTZ0hg See 0:52-1:10

  • 1- 1, 2, embrace (like adios)

  • 5- quick quick enchufla

  • 1- quick quick enchufla

  • 5- rondee for the guy

  • 1 & 5: For the next 8 beats, lead can do a prep and then double turn her. Or he can backrock her and turn her once. Or he can face the center and walk around and then turn. Or he can turn her in 4 beats and again in next 4 beats. Glen suggests the underlined option which flows nicely.

  • 1- back rock enchufla

  • 5- rondee for the guy

  • 1- back rock enchufla

  • 5- evelyn

  • 1- into the center

  • 5- then coke turn

  • 1- guy in front

  • 5- girl in front tap(i.e. "dile que no")

  • 1- turn the girl

  • 5- back, forward, turn (guy's footwork)

  • 1- travel to your partner

  • 5- cross body lead (with new partner)

L.A. de Glen

https://youtu.be/JYApIalb8qw https://youtu.be/fku5P6H5okk See 0:54

https://youtu.be/yRzyWdQLOqE See 0:38-1:02 for most of this move done to Cha Cha beat

  • 1 do the prep(ladies prep on 3)

  • 5 double or single turn (ladies turn right on 5 & 7. On 7, lead stabilizes her by putting his left hand on her right shoulder)

  • 1 the guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL follow her and guy goes forward on L. bring her arm up and down. For styling she can cross in front. Then comes the turn. This is like Barb first did it but the arm is much lower so it felt unfamiliar. And you can style this so it’s not the same prep as at the start of the move. By following her you are positioned a little differently, and her crossing the feet looks nice.

  • 1 another prep

  • 5 double or single turn

  • 1 the guy rocks in

  • 5 cross body with turn

  • 1 the guy turns right(she is behind him)

  • 5 the girl turns right(she is behind him. He faces away from her, and uses his right arm to turn her)

  • 1 guy rocks forward(girl rocks back)

  • 5 guy rocks back(girl rocks forward and poses on 5)

  • 1 guy rocks forward(girl rocks back)

  • 5 bring her through(with your left hand as she comes forward; she turns left)

  • 1 "3" (she turns right on 3)

  • 5 "5, 7" (she turns right on 5 and again on 7)

  • 1 the guy rocks in

  • 5 CBL

Variations/Styling Options:

A. When the lady rocks forward, from behind the guy, she can ripple slightly as she moves forward.

B. On the final three turns that are continuous, you can lead with one hand and stay in contact for the turns. You can also use both hands on her shoulders to spin her and then release her, making it a free spin, re-connecting when the turns are over. This gives her liberty to turn as much or little as she wants. (Ladies can even style the turns, coming out directly into a body roll for example. They can take a little extra time for styling on the final beats 1, 2, and 3 if they wish.)

Classico and L. A. de Glen Ganging

1- 1, 2, embrace (like adios)

5- quick quick enchufla

1- quick quick enchufla

5- rondee for the guy

1- turn the girl

5- double turn (if she can spin fast, try a double turn here---or even a triple)

1- back rock enchufla

5- rondee for the guy

1- back rock enchufla

5- evelyn

1- guy rocks in

5- coca cola turn (she turns one and half turns and you break her movement starting on 7)

1 "3" (change her direction and start her turning)

5 "5, 7" (two turns to the right)

1 guy rocks in

5 CBL

1 do a prep

5 double turn

1 the guy rocks in

5 cross body, turn

1 guy turns right (she is behind him)

5 lady turns right (she is behind him and, facing away from her, he uses the right arm to turn her)

1 guy rocks forward (girl rocks back)

5 guy rocks back (girl rocks forward)

1 guy rocks forward (girl rocks back)

5 bring her through

1 stop, "3" (she turns right on 3)

5 "5, 7" (she turns right on 5 and again on 7)

1 guy rocks in

5 CBL

Linking Azuquita, Serpiente and LA de Glen in various ways

Method 1: Do Azuquita, Serpiente, and LA de Glen in that order as follows:

a. Finish Azuquita and call Serpiente on beat 1 of last 8 beats in Azuquita.

Lady taps on beat 8 at the very end of Azuquita and immediately on next beat 1 moves into Serpiente. This is a "simple" form of ganging as we eliminate a basic but don't cut out any part of either of the moves that are ganged together.

b. Finish Serpiente but change the ending as follows. On the last 8 beats, when lady is doing CBL, switch the lead to one hand and a turn. The guy brings her to his left and faces her, putting one hand on her shoulder to break her movement. Then add 8 beats where she turns on beats 3, 5, and 7.

c. Those three turns replace the first double turn in L.A. de Glen. Then just proceed with the rest of the move. So we are cementing these two moves by altering the end of one move, eliminating the beginning of the next, and adding some turns to create a transition.

Method 2: Do Azuquita, L.A. de Glen, and Serpiente in that order, instead:

a. Start with Azuquita as explained in method 1 and do entire move. Call L. A. de Glen on beat 1 of the last 8 beats in Azuquita. Go right into L.A. de Glen.

b. After the three turns at the end of L.A. de Glen, step in place on 1, 2, and 3 while facing each other. Then lady does a right turn in place on 5, 6, and 7; and on beat 7, the guy's right hand goes behind her head, as in the first beat 7 of Serpiente. Finish Serpiente.

Note that this ganging is more complex because we eliminated some of the ending of L.A. de Glen and some of the beginning of Serpiente. Also, you could actually do another L.A. de Glen at the end of this sequence using the transition described in method 1!

Note: For men, on all beats 1, 2, and 3, they are stepping left right left.

On beats 1, 2, 3, women are stepping right left right.

And on all beats 5, 6, & 7, men step right left right, while ladies step left right left.

Puente Complicado

1 Starts like enchufla

5 The guys change hands

1 The guys join hands

5 under(ladies go under the bridge formed by the men's arms)

1 under with a turn

5 quick quick slow

1 stomp

5 into siete tap

1 turn her around

5 bring her around

1 do a prep

5 double turn

1 turn the other way

5 bring her around

1 Back rock

5 Under(ladies go under the bridge)

1 under with a turn

5 quick quick slow (leads start moving slightly toward their new partner)

1 travel to your partner(Leads finish getting to new parner. Note we exchange partners in the "puente pairs")

5 cross body lead

Note that there are various ways that groups end this move; some have leads turn as they travel to the next partner. Some begin the traveling on the 5, 6, 7 where we are stepping evenly on a full 8 beats, moving to the new partner. The reason I teach as I do is that the above pattern is more consistent with the usual Dame; where the full distance to a new partner is traveled in 3 steps (4 beats) prior to the CBL. But to keep a sense of movement so the step is always dynamic, small progress is made during the 5 6 7 toward the new partner. Continuous movement is always nice!

Also note that there are 8 beats from the original Puente Complicado that were removed where the 2 leaders switch sides and ladies go under the bridge once more. The guys both turn left and move as mirror images of each other before the women come under the bridge during those 8 beats. But this part of the step is not "do-able" by an odd number of couples. By eliminating those beats, the move can be done with any number of couples, as one grouping can simply do the move with 3 couples. Since half of the time we have an odd number of couples in class or a team performance, we standardize the move so it's always feasible and we don't have two versions of it, which causes confusion.

Uno Complicato Blended with Puente Complicado

1 Starts like Uno

5 1, 1, 1

1 2, 2, 2

5 3, 3, 3,

1 4, 4, 4

5 The guys come around

1 Bring the girls around

5 Into sombrero

1 1, 1, 1, (Guys are bringing the girls around them from left to right)

52, 2, 2

1 3, 3, 3

5 4, 4, 4 tap (Guys and gals are face to face and the guy's left arm is broken)

1 back to back

5 and then alarde(over lady's head)

1 Quick Quick Slow

5 Into sombrero

1 Quick Quick Slow

5 Dead Space

1 1, 1, 1

5 2, 2, 2,

1 3, 3, 3

5 Rondee for the guy (his right foot goes behind his left and he turns right) (If you were just doing Uno Complicado, after this you'd finish with "into the center; CBL.)

1 1 The guys join hands (This begins the Puente Complicado part.)

5 5 under(ladies go under the bridge formed by the men's arms)

1 1 under with a turn

5 5 quick quick slow

1 1 stomp

5 5 into siete tap

1 turn her around

5 bring her around

1 do a prep

5 double turn

1 turn the other way

5 bring her around

1 Back rock

5 Under(ladies go under the bridge)

1 under with a turn

5 quick quick slow (leads start moving slightly toward their new partner)

1 travel to your partner(Leads finish getting to new parner. Note we exchange partners in the "puente pairs")

5 cross body lead

C: Less Complex Moves

sueter

begs w 70C and ends w/ 70

https://youtu.be/JilTLlTzsu0

1- Setenta Complicado

5- Setenta Complicado

1- Setenta Complicado

5- Setenta Complicado

1- Enchufla both hands

5- rondee and Sueter(man rondees and does the "Sueter" move with arms to his waist on 7)

1- then start Exhibe(man's right arm comes up for the Exhibe. On 1 he turns to face her & outside

left edge of his left foot faces the center)

5- then Setenta (Here hook on 5 and move so guy faces outside of circle)

1- on 1, throw arm

5- hook on 7

1- in to the center

5 CBL

Havana

1- Do Candado

5- Do Candado

1- Do Candado

5- Do Candado

1- Do Candado

5- Do Candado (but on beat 7, the arms come down to the waist, like putting on a sweater)

1- then start exhibe

5- then setenta

1- on 1 throw arm (guy stays connected as he throws her arm way back)

5- hook on 7

1- into the center

5- CBL

Kentucky C.

https://youtu.be/IAmErNa-UxI Also: https://youtu.be/s-E0ZmW6-EA See 17:41

Starts and ends with Kentucky

L.A. de Glen

https://youtu.be/JYApIalb8qw https://youtu.be/fku5P6H5okk See 0:54

https://youtu.be/yRzyWdQLOqE See 0:38-1:02 for most of this move done to Cha Cha beat

1 do the prep(ladies prep on 3)

5 double or single turn (ladies turn right on 5 & 7. On 7, lead stabilizes her by putting his left hand on her right shoulder)

1 the guy rocks in

5 CBL follow her and guy goes forward on L. bring her arm up and down. For styling she can cross in front. Then comes the turn. This is like Barb first did it but the arm is much lower so it felt unfamiliar. And you can style this so it’s not the same prep as at the start of the move. By following her you are positioned a little differently, and her crossing the feet looks nice.

1 another prep

5 double or single turn

1 the guy rocks in

5 cross body with turn

1 the guy turns right(she is behind him)

5 the girl turns right(she is behind him. He faces away from her, and uses his right arm to turn her)

1 guy rocks forward(girl rocks back)

5 guy rocks back(girl rocks forward and poses on 5)

1 guy rocks forward(girl rocks back)

5 bring her through(with your left hand as she comes forward; she turns left)

1 "3" (she turns right on 3)

5 "5, 7" (she turns right on 5 and again on 7)

1 the guy rocks in

5 CBL

Beso Complicado

https://youtu.be/oKpB9xCgZ4o

https://youtu.be/1Wa3449GRrk

Beso ending with complicate sequence

Sombrero de Regnier

Sombrero with the complicate sequence

Rubenada

https://youtu.be/e1aiku30dn0

The Rubenada manuver starts to outside and then is done to the inside. After the second one he does not switch sides after the manuver. Between the two Rubenadas, he switches sides and the girls come under and then do complicate.

Starts like sombrero

guy's left hand up

guy comes around

both face center

drop the hand (feet step the same as "in to the center" or "picalante, dos, tres")

dile que no tap

funky turn(guy and girl turn in opposite directions)

guy unwinds

back rock enchufla

quick quick slow

in to the center

Cross body lead

Dedo Por debajo

1 move is called

5 In and then tap

1 turn turn turn

5the guy goes under

1he turns around

5and brings the girl around

1 backrock enchufla

5rondee like dedo

1backrock enchufla

5they both face the center

1the guy rocks in

5 CBL

Calvo (A Move from Cuba) (means bald) Hold both hands till end

https://youtu.be/WH7_HFX4nf4

Between 1 and 2 mins of this video you can see Calvo

1 Do a prep

5 Turn the girl (R turn w hammerlock)

1 Back rock enchufla

5 Left then right

1 Back rock enchufla

5 Right then left

1 2-handed enchufla

5 Face the center

1 Guy rocks in

5 CBL

3 Way Stop

1 3 way stop is called

5in and then tap

1 turn her around

5 move her out tap (out of circle)

1Move her in tap (into the circle. He moves her with hands on her shoulders.)

5Turn the girl, turn yourself (turn lady first and then guy quickly turns)

1The guys rock in (guys and girls move so the guy is on the lady's left and both are on the circumference)

5Turn her again (start her in another turn and the guy can also turn if he wants to. The lady turns on 6 and if they guy turns, he does so on 7 and 8 before moving to his next partner.)

1Move to your partner(guys are moving to the next lady in the circle like a dame)

5 CBL

montana de manny

starts like montana and arm whips around fast for sombrero de manny

Azuquita

https://youtu.be/YIdqY-Gsi58

1- starts like Setenta

5- QQS(keep doing Setenta)

1- back, through window(man steps back slightly on right, then forward on left and turns, going through the "window" he creates)

5- slide down arm (guy's arm behind his head by beat 7--or by next beat 1 is ok, too)

1- Setenta Complicado (Push lady's hip on beat one)

5- Setenta Complicado

1- Setenta complicado

5- Setenta Complicado

1- Setenta Complicado (guy rocks in)

5- Setenta Complicado(CBL)

Variations/Styling Options:

A. Change last 16 beats to:

1- Backrock, check(Check her on 3 and 4)

5- Spin the girl(she both spins right and moves to his right side)

1- Guy rocks in

5- CBL

B. Instead of draping over the girl, the guy can rondee

C. Lady can make a "4" with her feet on beat 4 prior to the final CBL.

D. Lady can throw her hip to the right prior to the final CBL

E. Lady can ripple up on the final 1, 2, 3 before the final CBL. (An upward ripple is the opposite of a downward body roll---get it?)

F. Guy can lead a back to back version of Setenta in opening 8 beats.

Sombrero Doble

1- starts like sombrero

5- quick quick slow

1- the guy rocks in

5- cross body lead tap (he brings her to his left side)

1- back to back

5- drape to the shoulder

1- the guy rocks in

5- cross body lead

Ladies move

Dancers rotate in circles throughout 16 beats before Dile que no to end the move. The ladies are on an inner circle and the leaders are on the outer circle.

Guys move 4 beats to R, then 4 to L, then 4 to R and 4 to L; starting on their left foot. These steps are like short grapevine patterns. (They step on 3 beats and tap on the 4th before changing direction. So in 16 beats guys change directions 3 times before doing Dile que no.)

Ladies grapevine 8 beats L and then 8 beats R; starting on R foot moving left. (They step on 7 beats and tap on the 8th before changing directions. So in 16 beats they change directions once before Dile que no.)

Leads pick up original partner, so leads and follows try to come back to their original position in the circle

La Confusion

This move starts with vacila which is just like sombrero but without holding hands. Women walk through two full turns and complete one cross body lead. After that you do two additional cross body leads, and on the third and last cross body, you open up into basic but the men are now following and the ladies are leading.

Puente C

1 Starts like enchufla

5 The guys change hands

1 The guys join hands

5 under(ladies go under the bridge formed by the men's arms)

1 under with a turn

5 quick quick slow

1 stomp

5 into siete tap

1 turn her around

5 bring her around

1 do a prep

5 double turn

1 turn the other way

5 bring her around

1 Back rock

5 Under(ladies go under the bridge)

1 under with a turn

5 quick quick slow (leads start moving slightly toward their new partner)

1 travel to your partner(Leads finish getting to new parner. Note we exchange partners in the "puente pairs")

5 cross body lead

There is another 8 beats that can be added when leads essentially lead each other to switch sides but this can only be done with 2 couples. The above is adaptable for 2 or 3 couples.

Puente C & Al Revers

https://youtu.be/VCPW75N517k See 2:04-2:30 for Puente Al Reves (which goes right into Reloj and then Amistad)

1 Starts with enchufla

5 Guys change hands

1 Guys join hands

5 under

1 under with a turn

5 guys switch sides

1 under

5 quick quick slow

1 stomp

5 into siete tap

1 turn her around

5 bring her around

1 do a prep

5 double turn

1 turn the other way

5 bring her around

1 exhibe

5 turn on 7 (on 7, guys turn left)

1 bring her around (as guys turn)

5 bring her around

1 bring her around

5 into siete tap

1 turn the girl

5 double turn

1 stomp

5 under

1 under with a turn

5 back, grab, turn

1 travel to your partner

5 CBL

Enrosca

Turn 360 degrees every 8 beats. Guy rocks to center on each one. On 3 he puts L behind R, side rocks on 5, turns on 6, and pivots on 7 and 8 so he is stepping to center on next 1. Lady has to stay very very close and think about arcing each step to trace a circle to help guy get around.

Serpiente

https://youtu.be/529EP9PAT9Q

https://youtu.be/fku5P6H5okk See 0:12

1 starts like Sombrero

5“7” (guy's right hand behind her head on 7)

1“3” (guy's left hand goes "further" behind her head on 3)

5 back and turn (guy brings hands over her head and turns left, facing the girl squarely---this requires fast movement)

1 back rock prep (lady "poses" on 3--it's a "photo op!")

5 spin real fast (fast sombrero turn for lady while moving to guy's right side)

1 guy rocks in

5 CBL

Variations/Styling Options:

A. Lady makes a "4" with her feet on beat 4 prior to the final CBL.

B. Lady throws her hip to the right on beat 4 prior to the final CBL

C. Lady "ripples up" (like a body roll, but a ripple goes "up") on beats 1, 2, 3 before the final CBL.

Setenta con Gancho

https://youtu.be/6heaSihZQ3M

https://youtu.be/fku5P6H5okk See 4:10

Hook on the second beat 7, and then lead a coca cola turn.

1 starts like Setenta

5 do Setenta

1 do Setenta

5 do Setenta (hook on 7)

1 guy rocks in

5 bring her around (to the guy’s left--like Kentucky Complicado)

1 bring her right (she is behind the guy moving to his right)

5 turn the girl (free spin for lady so she can do any number of turns)

1 guy rocks in

5 cross body lead

Variations/Styling Options:

The guy can start this move with a back to back version of Setenta.

Ladies can style the turn(s), coming out directly into a body roll for example. Ladies can use the final beats 1, 2, and 3 for extra time on a styling sequence if they want. They just have to be sure they are ready to do CBL by beat 5. ************************************************************************************************************

Reloj

couples walk in lines like blades of a fan, as they progress around the circle.

https://youtu.be/lq_znhbHWig See 2:10-2:15

Dame Bridge

https://youtu.be/lq_znhbHWig See 0:56 to 1:06

https://youtu.be/tw7TjiVXKXs See 0:40 to 0:53 for a six couple performance with this move.

1 Dame Bridge (Called)

5 RUN, MAKE BRIDGE (Note that by beat 7 the bridges are in place, with leaders on the inside)

1 Guys go through

5 Cross body lead

1 Guys go through

5 SWITCH: RUN, BRIDGE: (Guys who were originally running now make the bridge by beat 7!! Followers are now on the inside)

1 Guys go through

5 Cross body lead

1 Guys go through

5 Back to basic.

Amistad (adjusted without head roll)

1 starts like enchufla

5 guys change hands

1 guys join hands

5 into siete tap

1 turn around

5 drape to the shoulder

1 guys rock in

5 guy takes her L with his R hand and gives her a free spin in the direction of next guy (like frisbee)

1 guys rock in

5 CBL

"Dedo Especiale"

starts like dedo por debajo; then do Dedo.

bring her in front of you and change direction; then sombrero de manny

1Dedo Speciale is called

5In and then tap

1 turn turn turn

5the guy goes under

1he turns around

5and brings the girl around

1 backrock enchufla

5rondee like dedo

1backrock enchufla

5they both face the center

1the guy rocks in

5 CBL

Section 3: Information on Intermediate Moves

Dame Panaderos

Add in 8 beats of pat a cake action with the new partner. The patttern is “up and down, self, partner, self, back, front, self.” And you can do Dame Panaderos Todos by having everyone face center and the pattern is done with the right hand clapping with new partner and the left hand clapping with old partner for leads. For followers that right and left is reversed.

Dos Flies y Uno Perdido

Clap on 1 and 2. Look around on 3, 5, 7 and clap again on 8.

Setenta Complicado Derecho y al reves

https://youtu.be/B8tWN5UTTXc

1 70 C

5 70 C

1 70 C

5 70 C

1 back rock enchufla

5 turn right hand up (he turns to the right while left hand stays down)

1 turn the girl (to her right)

5 turn yourself (to the left)

1 backrock enchufla (two-handed enchufla)

5 rondee for the guy (optional)

1 in to the center

5 dile que no

El Dos

Guy comes in front of his partner and they both move side to side facing the center. Ends like sombrero.

Hammerlock the lady

the guy comes in front

one backrock

two backrocks

three backrocks

four up and over (arm overhead)

turn turn turn(like sombrero turn) (This must be led skillfully or lady will rock back. You lead her forward firmly

and early, before he has a chance to rock back. Lead her into a sombrero-style turn)

turn turn turn

guy rocks in

cross body lead

Dame Dos Arriba

1 Travel with a turn(guy turns left on 2 just as he passes the lady upstream from him. He then faces the second lady upstream from him originally & she is the new partner. So it's an upstream dame dos)

5Basic step(guys rock in on 5 as in guapea, facing new partner)

Balsero

Turn turn turn (ladies come to guy's right)

then switch sides (ladies come to guy's left side and guy scoots to the right to "help" her; essentially they are switching sides)

turn turn turn

into sombrero

the guy rocks in

cross body lead

Balsero Nuevo

Turn turn turn

the guy comes in front

back rock prep

spin real fast (this is a sombrero spin done in 4 beats instead of 8)

the guy rocks in

cross body lead

Dedo guarapo y bota: Guys start like dedo but on the first 5-6-7, he turns to his left to back to the center and face his partner. Grab her waist and and walk around each other starting on the second 1-2-3. He continues walking around her and releases her on about beat 6 or 5 and a half... On the third set of 8 beats, guys move to their new partner and CBL.

Chevaria Bulla

Chevaria on 1, 2, 3, and Bulla on 5.

Sombrero y Mambo Vuelta

Take 16 beats to turn while doing mambo.

Enchufla Across

(Can only be done comfortably with 2 or 4 couples. When there are 4 couples, you can also alternate which guys doing the turn in the center.)

1 Starts with enchufla

5 move and turn (guys move around each other)

1 Travel to your partner (girl across the circle)

5 CBL

Enchufla con Bikini

1 starts with Enchufla

5 Quick Quick Slow (continue Enchufla)

1 guy turns left tap (he taps in front of the next lady on beat 4) (Note ladies grapevine to the left, and on beat 4 tap on left foot)

5 guy turns right (he moves to the following lady—like a dame dos) (Note ladies turn left)

1 guy rocks in (Ladies can do another left turn if they wish)

5 cross body lead

Variations/Styling Options

If the ladies move enough to their left while they grapevine and turn, the guys can make this move a dame tres (rather than a dame dos). This provides a greater degree of movement and action.

Vacila Entrada

https://youtu.be/fku5P6H5okk last move on that video

1 do Vacila

5 do Vacila

1 the guys go right (stepping into the circle, touching hands with guys on either side)

5 the ladies go right (stepping into the circle, touching hands with the ladies on either side)

1 guys rock in

5 cross body lead(with original partner)

Dedo con de rumba

guy only hops on second 5, 6, 7

Adios con la Vacina (Do the adios turn on 1 2 3 with neighbor)

Manolin https://youtu.be/SETxdy7pkYw See 1:12-1:16

Babosa https://youtu.be/SETxdy7pkYw See 1:20-1:24

Salsita https://youtu.be/SETxdy7pkYw See 1:24-1:31

Dedo Extended (Dedo blended with Montana)

This begins "one-handed" in a cross hand-hold. For Montana you are two handed in a cross hand-hold.

Turn turn turn

Another turn (the basic step calls for stepping in place but we often add a turn to embellish)

back rock, enchufla

rondee for the guy

back rock enchufla

quick quick slow

in to the center

cross body lead tap (this tap enables ladies to switch direction as they go right into Montana)

turn turn turn(This begins Montana and you are now two handed)

step in place

backrock enchufla

rondee for the guy

back rock enchufla

quick quick slow

the guy rocks in

cross body lead

Choco (A Move from Cuba)

This is shown in the first minute of this video: https://youtu.be/WH7_HFX4nf4

1 starts with enchufla (stepping 1, 2, 3)

5 step step jump jump(jump forward then back on 7 and 8)

1 one two tap step(on beats 1, 2, 3, 4)

5 tap step step step(on beats 5, 6, 7, 8)

Juana la Cubana

starts like Sombrero Doble, then uno, then an exhibe, and ends with Sombrero arms.

Coca Cola turns

The footwork for men for coca cola turns is rock forward, to the side, then left goes behind right foot. Then guy steps halfway between to the side and forward, followed by going forward in an arc (circle). Then on beat 8 he does a pivot to face center. It ends with guys rocks in, CBL. He is doing this footwork while leading the lady in her turn.

L.A. Style Move (common steps--basic and intermediate levels)

1 Basic step and

5 Basic step

1 “One, two three” (do basic)

5 Up by 7(guy lifts arm to prepare for his own turn by beat 7)

1 The guy turns around

5 The lady turns around

1 Basic step and

5 Basic step

1 Hand switch turn

5 The lady turns around

1 Basic step and

5 Basic step

1 Do a prep

5 Turn the girl(holding both hands)

1 Fling the arm and

5 Fling the arm

1 Open break & turn

5 Walk walk walk (going back)

1 And flair step step(lady flairs on the “and one”)

5 Turn turn turn(just the lady turns)

1 One two pose(guy comes side by side with lady)

5 Then free spin

1 Basic step and

5 Basic step

1 The guy rocks in

5 Cross body lead

1 Basic step and

5 Basic step

1 Guys rocks in

5 Cross body with turn

1 Basic step and

5 Basic step

1 Back rock prep (turn initiated by an open break)

5 Turn the girl

1 Guy rocks in

5 Cross body lead

——————

MORE MOVES: Non-Favorites!!

Glen likes but not Barb’s favorites:

Tejeheres starts with 70 C

Abanico Complicado https://youtu.be/mK5BDa7oLhs

Abanico Complicado Complicado https://youtu.be/0HDawiLsuvQ

Conquita con melao https://youtu.be/hkvohJeqvOw

Cuba Libre https://youtu.be/diq5AiBwvwQ

Bicardi Limone https://youtu.be/eveKhqy_lAU

Michaela https://youtu.be/IJNvloHTC3E

Barb likes but not Glen’s favorite:

La Mia https://youtu.be/CdnAQxYlUJM

Section 4: RUEDA STRUCTURES

Note: I have used the term “normal” as a shorthand for circles flowing in the usual counterclockwise direction.

A. INVERTED CIRCLE

There are a number of moves that can be called that have the effect of making the lead and follow switch sides. For example, dancers can do a Dile Que No where the leader steps forward (instead of back) on beat one and does a cross body lead much the way he would, dancing one on one. Then each couple's center is outside the circle; and a line from those "outside centers" to the true center of the circle that the couples are formed around would look like spokes of a wheel. Dames can be done a couple of different ways in this formation. The initial way this was done was to have the leader move facing the outside of the circle to his next partner on his right when he faces his (unique) outside center. Then he leads her across so they are now partners, also in an inverted position (pa afuera). Moves can be done in this formation and if Dile Que No is called again, the circle goes back to "normal" with each couple's center being the true midpoint of the circle they are formed around.

B. MIXTA (requires even number of couples preferably at least 6 couples)

1. Enchufla flip means everyone does the enchufla where lead/follow switch sides.

https://youtu.be/Yxd0cvyRKqg See 4:07 and 5:24

2. Enchufla guapea means everyone does the enchufla where they return the side they started on.

3. Mixta means that the cantantes do enchufla flip and the oyentes do enchufla guapea. https://youtu.be/Yxd0cvyRKqg See 3:40 and 5:14

4. Any call then applies to everyone after Mixta position is established with every other couple inverted----UNLESS the call is accompanied by saying cantantes or oyentes.

Here are the implications of this:

If the caller says “Cantantes, Uno” then only the Cantantes do the Uno. Others do basic.

If the caller says “Cantantes, Enchufla Flip” when everyone is in the Mixta position, then that switches Cantantes back to “normal” so a regular rueda could be done.

If Mixta is called when people are already in Mixta position, then it becomes the Cantantes who are “normal” (adentro) and the Oyentes who are inverted (pa afuera).

If everyone starts in normal position and the caller says, “Cantantes, enchufla flip” that has the same effect as calling Mixta. In other words, after the call, the Cantantes are inverted but the Oyentes are normal.

If the caller calls Mixta (starting from normal) and then calls “Oyentes, enchufla flip” then everyone would be inverted. If at that point the caller called enchufla, everyone would move down only one partner so that it would move the ladies to dancing with oyentes if they had been dancing with Cantantes and vice versa. Because of this possibility, it is helpful for the ladies to see visually whether their current partner is a Cantante or Oyente so that if Mixta is called, they know who is on their “team” when they are doing dame. Also because of the possibility that ladies can dance with either a Cantane or Oyente over time in a song, they shouldn’t wear anything identifying which "team" they are on. But it can be helpful for leaders to have something to wear as they don’t switch whether they are a Cantante or Oyente (i.e. 'switch teams").

There is also a complication of who moves on a Dame. If an entire circle is inverted, the leaders move. If a circle is in Mixta formation, then either the lead or follow will be facing so they look at their next partner headed in the counter clockwise direction after any move. That is the member of the couple who moves. And they move to a member of their "team" (i.e. Cantante leads to Cantante follows and similarly for Oyentes).

Side note: Generally it is preferred to say "Enchufla Mixta" instead of just "Mixta."

C. YANTA (requires even number of couples---preferably at least 6 couples)

Yanta is the call for Cantantes to move into the Pequena formation and they and their partners are inverted (pa afuera). Then each call would be for the respective inner or outer circles, unless Pequena is called. In that case, people dance in the 2 couple ruedad formed by the inner and outer circle couples that are lined up with each other.

Due to the pequena calls, leads almost always switch to the other circle (inner or outer). Followers will stay in their respective circle. In this case, no one needs to wear anything (such as identifying sashes) because it is easy to see who is on the inside circle and who is on the outside circle. To get back to normal, Recogela or Una Rueda is called. Then Cantantes return to the big circle, by moving clockwise from where they are in the inner circle.

D. TORNO Y TORNATE-MIXTA (requires at least 3 couples)

Enchufla Torno is an enchufla on 1, 2, 3 and on 5,6,7 leaders essentially move back 90 degrees of a circle. This puts leads on the inside of circle and followers on outside if they began in guapea. Another way to think of it is that it moves the leads counter clockwise (the way we dame) by 90 degrees.

Tornate is an overturned CBL so that the leads move counter clockwise 270 degrees (which is the same as moving clockwise by 90 degrees). This puts leads on the outside of the circle and followers on inside if the couple began from a "normal" guapea.

In both cases, the couple is on the spoke of the wheel (i.e. on the radius of the circle extended out past the circle) rather than being on a line tangent to the circumference (i.e. "on the circle"). By blending these calls with other formations above, complex patterns can be created!!

Here is a way to think about the movement created by Mixta (Enchufla flip and Enchufla guapea) and Torno y Tornate Mixta (Enchfula torno and Tornate). You can think that any time dancers are on the spokes of the wheel, if Enchufla Flip or Enchufla Guapea (and hence Mixta) are called, they remain somewhere on the spokes of the wheel. This is because Enchufla Flip and Enchufla Guapea move people either 180 degrees of zero degrees (which is the same as 360 degrees--you come back to where you were).

And likewise, if Enchufla Flip or Enchufla Guapea (hence Mixta) are called and dancers are on the circumference of the circle, they will wind up also on the circumference. Enchufla Flip will move the couple so they switch sides on the circumference or the spoke of the wheel. But Enchufla Guapea will move the couple so they are right back where they started on the circumference or on the spoke of the wheel.

The opposite is true of Enchufla Torno or Enchufla Tornate. When those moves are called, if the couple was on the circumference, they will wind up after the move on the spoke and vice versa. A couple that does Enchufla Torno will wind up in a position that is 90 degrees from where each of them started going in a counter clockwise direction. And a couple that does Enchufla Tornate will wind up 270 degrees from where each of them started going in a counter clockwise direction (which is the same as going 90 degrees from where they each started but in the clockwise direction).

Then some complications have to be worked on with respect to who moves when the circle does a dame. There are different ways to do this!

Generally if a move like Adios or Enchufla is called, the follower winds up more or less, close to being back where "she" started before "she" is picked up for the closing dame.

There is also a cool move called Dame Contrario that can be done in Mixta position when couples are on the circle. Two couples next to each other on the circle can switch partners where leads move forward and to the left, and pick up the follower that "he" is facing. This switches ladies from dancing with Cantantes to Oyentes and vice versa. So it is not a dame with a continuous pattern around the circle. Instead, partners are exchanged within pairs of two. This is often preceded by "Saludos Calientes" which is a call where the leads high 5 each other. It helps them see their position with respect to each other to facilitate the Contrario move.

Some terminology: Cantantes are also called Primeros and Oyentes are secondos. Here is a cool sequence: Get into Yanta position with an inner and outer circle. Then call Enchufla Torno which creates a super long spoke, with 4 dancers lined up. This big spoke is called Raya. If there are six or more couples (but always an even number), this creates a beautiful long spoke that spreads out from the center like a star. And if the number of couples is a multiple of 4 (i.e. 4, 8, 12, etc), then there are 8 couples in a line with four on either side of the center. So it's an even longer spoke! To get out of the formation, call either Enchufla Torno or Enchufla Tornita. If the lead/follows are lined up wrong so that the inner circle isn't pa afuera, then call Enchufla Flip. Then Una Rueda can be called so that the inner circle moves out to the outer circle. And the cantantes or oyentes can do Enchufla Flip if need be to get to the final formation the caller desires.

E. ENCHUFLA ECHO (requires even number of couples preferably at least 6 couples)

Contantes begin by doing Enchufla and then going to the next Cantante

follower. Oyentes do Enchufla Doble and then go to next Oyente follower.

Caller should be a Cantante and call the next move 8 beats before the first is done so

dancers can go right into it with no basic in between. This structure requires there being no guapeas.

Cantantes do all the moves 8 beats before Oyentes. Once a guapea is allowed

to happen the formation ends and it's back to being on the same rhythm cycle

for both groups. Nice moves to do in this formation are Enchufla festival

or Pelota loco, Pelota mambo, or anything that doesn't require getting to

next partner too fast.

F. CRUZADA (requires any even number of couples)

Similar to Enchufla Echo but alternate couples are offset by 4 beats instead of 8 beats. All dancers dame in the same direction (the usual or normal direction). That is, none of the couples is pa afuera.

F. SWITCH MOVES

Years ago, Confusion was the classic move for switching leads and follows. That is just a complete Vacila and then two CBL’s lead by the lady first and the guy next. Then there is a modified third CBL where as the lead comes across the lady’s body to her left, he opens up for guapea and they resume doing the basic in this altered position. Doing Confusion again puts them back in their original roles.

Since around 2013 or 2014, moves where leads and follows switch has become far more common and parallels the greater frequency with which dancers learn both parts. There is a “Dame Switch” where leads come to their next partner’s right side and then function as followers. The same concept applies to Dame Dos Switch and Dame Directo Switch. https://youtu.be/Yxd0cvyRKqg See 5:39 and 5:47 for Dame Dos Switch. See 5:54 for Dame Directo Switch.

Some Switch moves change the timing so dancers are dancing on 5. Another such switch (or Pelota con uno or tres) can correct that if it bothers the dancers.

And “Easy Switch” is also very cool. Leads and follows merely turn around to the dancer behind them without changing their location on the circle. They now dance as a “couple” but the leader is now in the follower’s orientation and vice versa. So they have switched lead and follow.

SECTION 5: Syllabus of Selected Moves Organized By Levels

Beginner One

Guapea (basic) https://youtu.be/qFE1AjemJZw

Dame

Dame con los Manos

Dile que no

Enchufla/Enchufla Doble https://youtu.be/CD-UiGkI7Hk

High 5 / High 10 / Fly /Dos Flies / Besitos

Foto

Pelota con Dos/Quatro

Rhythm Steps & Beginner One Extras

Suena (stomp)

Bulla (shout) / Bulla Doble / Suena con Bulla

Pelota Loca

Pelota con Clave

Beginner Two (“Bridge Class”)

Dame Dos / Dame Tres

Dame Arriba

Dame Dos con Dos

Dame Directo

Uno https://youtu.be/wDT_YfxO9cQ

Pa Ti Pa Mi

Adios

Adios con la Hermana

Kentucky https://youtu.be/GdeD0n4_1nY

Candado https://youtu.be/S78nM-Pvsn4

Sombrero https://youtu.be/17CDrY8EnyE

Sombrero con Mambo

Vacila https://youtu.be/17CDrY8EnyE

Enchufla con Mambo

Al medio

Abajo

Arriba Tiempo España

Un Taro

Beginner Two Extras

Adios Doble

Adios con Mambo

Festival de Adios

Festival de Enchufla

Enchufla Doble con

Mambo

Enchufla y Quedate (stay with partner)

Dame Directo Todos

Festival de Enchufla NewYork (Enchufla/Enchufla Doble/Pa Ti Pa Mi with partner change)

Intermediate One

https://youtu.be/TDPs6DC16zM This video has a nice assortment of common intermediate moves. They are in order: Uno y Dos, then Vacila with a shine (i.e. footwork). Then the couples move into a circle. They do Dame, Enchufla doble arriba, Sombrero, Besito (an "air kiss), Chevaria (3 twists), Puente (the "bridge" move), Balsero, Pa ti pa mi, Kentucky, Pelota con dos, Adios con la Hermana, Dame, Dame dos, Dame arriba (going back to the previous partner), Photo, Beso, Setenta, Enchufla con mambo, Dedo, Adios, and Candado.

Vacila

Vacilence los Dos

Vacila y Dame

Vacila Dame Giro

Dedo

Montana

Uno y Dos

Siete https://youtu.be/lq_znhbHWig See 13:45

Siete con Coca cola https://youtu.be/lq_znhbHWig See 15:58

Siete Moderno

Beso https://youtu.be/oKpB9xCgZ4o

Balsero

Setenta

Pasaela (“Pasea”)

Pasea al reves

Coca Cola Turns https://youtu.be/s-E0ZmW6-EA See 16:23

Exhibe (see combinations)

Abanico https://youtu.be/Il-f_v53Qmk

https://youtu.be/SETxdy7pkYw 0:52-0:59 with hook added to the end

Enchufla Doble Complicado https://youtu.be/SETxdy7pkYw See 1:31-1:38

Bing Bong Triple https://youtu.be/SETxdy7pkYw See 1:42-1:48

Intermediate Extras

Chevaria

Abrazala

Sombrero con Mambo

Adios de Mentira

Festival de Vacila y Dame

Vacila Shine (use any shine)

Dedo Guarapo y Bota

Dedo Extended https://youtu.be/JqCW8MzhrnU

Dame Dos Arriba

Dame no le Llegues

Enchufla Dame Giro

Bermuda Triangle

Babosa https://youtu.be/SETxdy7pkYw See 1:20-1:24

Paseala Por Arriba

Noventa https://youtu.be/m5xwAlAC858

Intermediate Group Moves & Sequences

Con las Manos/vacila/tranca/hombres/Cadaneta

https://youtu.be/tw7TjiVXKXs See the first segment of the video

Dame con las Manos/Tranca/Hombres/Enchufla (or Pa Ti Pa Mi) / 70 con las manos.

https://youtu.be/s-E0ZmW6-EA See 16:52-17:15. See the “Siete ending” that goes to 17:34.

Enchufla al Medio con Dos/la Flor/33/22/0/8. https://youtu.be/s-E0ZmW6-EA See 18:10 which ends with 33 (Treinta y Tres)

Enchufla al Medio con Dos/Cero or Ocho https://youtu.be/SETxdy7pkYw See 0:27 -0:29 for a Cero

Enchufla Bikini https://youtu.be/fku5P6H5okk See 3:20

Enchufla Across (for 2 or 4 couples only)

Enchufla, 0 con la Vecina

Patine

Tumba Francesa https://youtu.be/SETxdy7pkYw See 1:01-1:04

Cadaneta https://youtu.be/SETxdy7pkYw See 1:04-1:09

Vacila Entrada https://youtu.be/fku5P6H5okk See 5:06

Puente

Amistad

Caminala Rueda https://youtu.be/SETxdy7pkYw See 2:02-2:11

Intermediate Combinations

Balsero y Beso

Dedo y Montana

Uno y Dos/Beso (or Montana)

Exhibe following: Pa'ti Pa'mi, Adios con la Hermana, Kentucky, Enchufla, Uno, Dedo, Montana, Beso, or 70.

Exhibe-Sententa.la jenny

Three moves blended: a. Uno, Montana, or Beso/b. Exhibe/c. Sombrero de Manny, Sombrero Doble, Sombrero de Regnier, or Juana la Cubana).

Dame/Dame con los Manos/Paseala/any tap move (i.e. Sombrero, Dedo, etc.)

Dedo/Puente

Intermediate Two

Sombrero de Manny https://youtu.be/VJpQ_L3qVSo

Sombrero Doble https://youtu.be/Ym54KWULUO4

Juana la Cubana

Setenta Complicado

70 Complicado al Derecho y al Reves

Setenta Nuevo

Siete Loco

3 Way stop

Coca Cola Turns (following most any move)

Inverted Circle (from Dile que no or other calls)

Favorite Latte

Dame Dos Con Cuba https://youtu.be/lq_znhbHWig See 0:38 to 0:44

Moving from Salsa to Son back to Salsa Timing: https://youtu.be/SETxdy7pkYw 0:39-0:52

Advanced Moves

La Rubenada https://youtu.be/e1aiku30dn0

La Jenny https://youtu.be/vkR0QK20hOY

El Sabor https://youtu.be/s-E0ZmW6-EA See16:30 to 16:49

Dedo Saboreado https://youtu.be/jzn4ZS6BnBY (starts like dedo; ends like El sabor)

Bebe https://youtu.be/eaad-AVKmaE

Sombrero de Regnier

Siete Loco Complicado https://youtu.be/lq_znhbHWig See 15:18 -15:50

Paseala y Complicate

Montana Complicado

Beso Complicado / with Straight Jacket https://youtu.be/oKpB9xCgZ4o

https://youtu.be/1Wa3449GRrk

Exhibe con Gancho

Kentucky Complicado https://youtu.be/IAmErNa-UxI Also https://youtu.be/s-E0ZmW6-EA See 17:41

Also https://youtu.be/3p356ZIobI4 This video starts with the front row (3 couples) doing classico with the camera as the “center.” The back 3 couples are doing Carnival Extended with the back of the stage as their center. Then all six couples do Thalia and then Kentucky Complicado together with the front of the stage as their center.

Balsero Nuevo https://youtu.be/buZOXhIEjDU https://youtu.be/Farwo_bxJB4

Uno Complicado

Puente Complicado

Puente al Reves

Thalia https://youtu.be/R57rq3MlHEY

La Cuadra

Azuquita https://youtu.be/YIdqY-Gsi58

Classico https://youtu.be/bvwga9LMKJs https://youtu.be/bvwga9LMKJs

Advanced Extras:

Lipton https://youtu.be/XoegARJu0gw

Serpiente https://youtu.be/529EP9PAT9Q https://youtu.be/fku5P6H5okk See 0:12

Shoulder Check / Long

Confusion (switch lead/follow)

Carnival Complicado

Rueda Structures such as LLanta-- Cantantes move to inner circle & are inverted. Calls apply to inner or outer circles unless “pequena" is also called (in which case moves are done by 2 couples lined up in inner/outer circles). Una Rueda is called to return all to outer circle.

DanceInTime Moves

Triple Lock https://youtu.be/lq_znhbHWig See 1:12-1:27. Also https://youtu.be/4kTll32GMWI See 1:15-1:30.

Bonita

Promenade https://youtu.be/7Vt90hu45aM

L. A. de Glen https://youtu.be/JYApIalb8qw https://youtu.be/fku5P6H5okk See 0:54

Dedo with style

Dedo Speciale

Advanced L. A https://youtu.be/0kE5UQfI1X0 2:32 - 2:49

SECTION 6: Information on Fundamentals For New Dancers

https://youtu.be/jtRESgDT4IU Guapea (Basic step) footwork

https://youtu.be/qFE1AjemJZw Guapea

https://youtu.be/FP4IKdUK5qY Concepts of Lead and Follow

https://youtu.be/1I4NU-Gv8EY Cuban motion explained

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR BEGINNERS

Salsa music is written in eight beat phrases. Generally Cuban Salsa dancers step on beats 1, 2, and 3 and "hold" on beat 4. Likewise we step on beats 5, 6, and 7 and "hold" on beat 8. This yields the quick quick slow rhythm that is the basis of Salsa movement. In other words, a "quick" step lasts for one beat and a "slow" step lasts for two beats.

In the DC area, we make most calls on beat 1, as dancers start their back-rock. For men, on all beats 1, 2, and 3, they are stepping left right left. On beats 1, 2, 3, women are stepping right left right.

And on all beats 5, 6, & 7, men step right left right, while ladies step left right left.

Also note that a salsa dancer's relationship to the floor is a gentle one. Steps are soft; they are not marched with heavy impact or emphasis. And the body is very slightly forward so that weight is never back on the dancer's heels.

Guapea ("Basic step")

1Back and together(The foot on the outside of the circle goes back, away from your partner)

5Forward and together(The foot on the inside of the circle goes straight forward for followers and at a slight diagonal forward and right for leaders)

Note that the leader's outside foot is his left and the follower's outside foot is her right. The leader's inside foot is his right and the follower's inside foot is her left.

Dame

1 Dame (called)

5Forward and turn (leads turn to their right on their right foot, and by beat 7 they are facing the girl behind them. Followers turn to their left to face the center.)

1 Travel to your partner (Leaders move left right left to their next partner while ladies "step in place.")

5Cross body lead ("CBL") (Leaders lead this with only their right hand.)

Then leads resume basic stepping back on their left and resume hand hold

Rhythm Steps

There are a number of simple, fun moves that have some action on beat one, facing the partner "behind" you in the circle. The pattern is the same for all of them---they include: High Five (do a high five with the free hand which is the leader's right and follower's left), High Ten (do a high ten but use both hands), Fly, (clap as though killing a fly), Two Flies (clap on beats one and two), besitos (an air kiss-type gesture without contact to the person behind you), etc.

1 call High Five

5 Forward, turn around (step forward; leaders on right and followers on left. Then leads turn right and followers turn left)

1 Hit, turn around (do a high five with the partner "behind you;" then turn back to partner)

5 Forward and together (resume guapea)

Enchufla

1 call Enchufla

5In one more time (finish basic step)

1Back and turn (rock back on beat 1. leaders turn on beat 2 to their right; followers turn on 2 to their left. They switch places.)

5Back, forward, forward(guys rock back and then start moving to next partner. Ladies rock back and turn to face the center)

1Travel to your partner (guys get all the way next to their next partner while ladies step in place)

5CBL (Cross body lead)

Enchufla Doble:

1call Enchufla Doble

5In one more time (finish basic step)

1Back and turn (rock back on beat 1. leaders turn on beat 2 to their right; followers turn on 2 to their left. They switch places.)

5 Push her back(guy puts his hand on her back to break her movement and alter her direction)

1Now do Enchufla (at this point you do a regular enchufla)

5Back, forward, forward(guys rock back and then start moving to next partner. Ladies rock back and turn to face the center)

1Travel to your partner (guys get all the way next to their next partner while ladies step in place)

5CBL (Cross body lead)

Uno (or "El Uno")

1 Uno is called

5 in one more time(on 7 he switches to right to right handhold)

1 hammerlock the lady(he leads an open break, rocking her back. Then he brings her arm down and up to waist for hammerlock)

5 one back rock(these are cumbia-like backrocks for both leads and follows)

1two back rocks

5three back rocks

1four, up and over(he brings her right arm over her head and comes to her left--both face the center)

5 step in place (he brings the arms behind both both of their heads as they both face the center)

1guy rocks in

5 CBL

Pelota con dos and Pelota con quatro.

For Pelota con dos, you start with enchufla and then do 2 stomps and 2 claps while also stomping. For Peloa con quatro, you do the same thing but stomp and clap 4 times each. Then you travel to your partner guys (ladies rock back and remain facing center), and then the cross body lead.

Chevaria Bulla

Chevaria on 1, 2, 3, and Bulla on 5.

Festival de Enchufla

Three enchuflas in a row with no basic in between:

Call enchufla

go in one more time

back forward turn

back forward forward

travel to your partner

cross body lead

back forward turn

back forward forward

travel to your partner

cross body lead

back forward turn

back forward forward

travel to your partner

cross body lead

(To do Festival Enchufla New York, it’s an Enchufla then Enchufla Doble, and the Enchufla Pa ti Pa mi but adding a partner exchange.)